Links to Resources

Useful resource links for these EMB projects.

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Project Docs  Canadian | International | Gender Politics | Resource Collections | Youth | Prevention | Other EMB projects | Research
Project Docs:

Gender-Aware /Gender Transformative Facilitation Training Report (2013)

Presentation to “Women and Men Ending Gendered Violence” conference, Halifax 2014

Canadian:

Sexual Violence – A Public Health Primer (2013)

http://www.whiteribbon.ca/front-page/engaging-men-and-boys-to-reduce-and-prevent-gbv/
Engaging Men and Boys to Reduce and Prevent Gender-Based Violence, an Issue Brief commissioned by Status of Women Canada and the Public Health Agency of Canada

Violence Against Women Learning Network: Engaging Men and Boys resource list.
http://www.vawlearningnetwork.ca/engaging-men-boys
A fantastic set of resources available on line. Everything from curriculum to research to…

International:

http://www.engagingmen.net/
This site is a public resource for anyone – women, men and young people – committed to gender justice and ending violence against women. Engagingmen.net is designed for practitioners, policy makers, academics, students and all who are interested in effectively working with women and men in partnership for gender equality and addressing the negative consequences of unequal power relationships. Engagingmen.net has a theoretical focus on men, gender, and masculinities and practical focus on initiatives that encourage boys’ and men’s involvement and support of women’s empowerment, ending violence, and work towards healthy relationships for all. Engaging boys and men is a strategy that is central to the content of this site, but it is not an end. The goals are gender equality, peace and justice.

http://menengage.org/
The MenEngage partners work collectively and individually toward the fulfillment of the Millennium Development Goals, particularly those components that focus on achieving gender equality. Activities of the alliance include information-sharing, joint training activities and national, regional and international advocacy. We develop joint statements of action on specific areas of engaging men, carry out advocacy campaigns and seek to act as a collective voice to promote a global movement of men and boys engaged in and working toward gender equality and questioning violence and non-equitable versions of manhood.

http://www.who.int/gender-equity-rights/knowledge/9789241500128/en/
World Health Organization. Violence and its acceptance, is central to the operation and maintenance of relations of inequality. Nowhere is this clearer than in the unequal relations of power between men and women. Male violence is used to produce and reproduce the subordination of women, and patriarchal norms and practices create the conditions that condone and even encourage men’s violence against women. Tackling men’s violence is an essential component of any effort that seeks to create greater gender equality. It is therefore evident why we need to reach out to, and work with men and boys in policies and programmes to end violence against women and girls.

Gender Politics

http://xyonline.net/
XY is: A forum for debate and discussion, including commentary on contemporary and emerging issues in gender and sexual politics; A resource library or clearinghouse for key reports, manuals, and articles; A toolkit for activism, personal transformation and social change.

Resource Collections

http://wiki.preventconnect.org/Engaging+Men+and+Boys
The violence against women movement started when women organized to address men’s violence against women. The early social change efforts engaged women as individuals who had the power to change the conditions in which violence against women existed. While it is clear that violence against women impacts the lives, well-being, and safety of women and girls, this issue is not only of concern to women. Since most people who commit violence against women are men, men must also be engaged and participate in activities to prevent sexual violence.

This one is a gold mine: 
Violence Against Women Learning Network resource list
http://www.vawlearningnetwork.ca/engaging-men-boys
 

Youth

Coaching-Boys-Into-Men
Dating violence (DV)—physical, sexual, and psychological aggression in adolescent romantic relationships—is prevalent among youth. Despite broad calls for primary prevention, few programs with demonstrated effectiveness exist. This cluster-randomized trial examined the effectiveness of a DV perpetration prevention program targeting coaches and high school male athletes.

Teen Anti-Violence work
HEALTHY RELATIONSHIPS 101: An overview of school-based healthy relationship programs

Prevention

From CDC: Stop SV: A Technical Package to Prevent Sexual Violence (2016)
 
and also from CDC: Programs shown to be effective in reducing SVAW:

Ecological Approach to Prevention -Trauma Violence Abuse-2009-Casey-91-114
An excellent resource for developing a comprehensive approach to working with the community.

Sexual Violence Primer
A locally developed primer on sexual violence prevention.

Other EMB Projects

TheEngagingMenProject- Paper
A great synopsis of The Engaging Men Project in Portland, OR.
Here’s the intro:

            In February 2010, Shelly Massarello (then of YWCA of Greater Portland) and Ethan Young initiated a gathering of community members interested in discussing options and implications of engaging men in the work to end men’s violence against women. More than forty people came together for a two hour conversation. From this discussion a core group of individuals formed with the goal of meeting regularly and moving this work forward in the Portland metro area. Our group began meeting regularly in May 2010, and soon coined the name The Engaging Men Project, or TEMP.

            In fall 2010, TEMP identified and initiated a project to learn more about:

  • The community’s prevailing attitudes and beliefs regarding engaging men
  • The work that was being done in this arena
  • Risks and opportunities for ongoing work, expansion, and collaboration

            This paper is a major result of what we have researched. We intend to provide a reflective overview of the efforts to engage men at this time in our local community. In recognition of specialized language used, a Glossary is provided at the end of the paper (Appendix A, page 23).

Research

Review of research:

Adolescent Sexual Assault Victims and the Legal System: Building Community Relationships to Improve Prosecution Ratessues
A look at impact of SANE and SART on prosecution rates in adolescent sexual assault cases.

Research into men and Masculinity Issues,  largely from a special issue of American Journal of Community Psychology on the topic. Dr. Eric Mankowski, who is on our advisory board, has contributed to several of them. Some may be less relevant to the immediate issues, but may give an interesting perspective. The abstracts are given below.

A Community Psychology of Men and Masculinity: Historical and Conceptual Review – Eric S. Mankowski & Kenneth I. Maton

Abstract This paper introduces the special section by presenting a historical and conceptual review of theory and research on the psychology of men and masculinity and then introducing the section’s papers. Men have power because of their gender, but differ in access to power based on other individual characteristics such as social class, income, education, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or physical strength. Men typically have been studied as generic rather than gendered beings in psychology. In contrast, a gendered analysis of men highlights the ways in which men’s experience, masculinity, and behavior contribute to health and social problems and to resources commonly addressed by community psychologists. Our gendered analysis suggests ways of working with men in group, organizational, and community settings to create positive individual and social change. Crucial to this analysis is the paradox that enacting masculinity both privileges and damages men. A second paradox stems from men having power as a group over women while individual men feel powerless or victimized by women as a group. The papers in this volume illustrate key themes of our historical and conceptual review through studies of adolescent and adult men as fathers, patients, partner abusers, support group participants and community members, and through examination of the impact of their gendered identities and behavior on health, well being, and justice.

Advancing a Community Psychology of Men  –  Roderick J. Watts

Abstract This commentary reviews and integrates several themes described in this special issue on men. Social forces of the past and present such as colonialism and hegemonic masculinity are noted as a continuing influence on men’s social roles, as are the social-justice movements that contribute to the liberation of women and sexual minorities. The early sections of the commentary examine the studies in the context of these forces and movements, emphasizing how men both resist and accept traditional masculinities. In the latter sections the commentary turns to the research process – first with a discussion of the structural and constructionist themes in the studies, followed by the issue of how men are classified (implicitly or otherwise) as either agents or targets of oppression. The implications of these for community psychology research with men are considered, along with the idea that research is a social ‘‘performance’’ in which a researcher’s concern about her or his audience influence the research process. The conclusion summarizes the challenges of conducting research with men while making the case that community psychology offers some distinct advantages in managing them. Of particular value is the field’s emphasis on diversity, social justice, and social ecology.

Healing Men and Community: Predictors of Outcome in a Men’s Initiatory and Support Organization – Christopher K. Burke, Kenneth I. Maton, Eric S. Mankowski & Clinton Anderson

Abstract Men have poorer health and declining social outcomes when compared to women, and research suggests that behaviors related to restrictive and traditional male gender roles contribute to this disparity. This study is an examination of The ManKind Project International (MKPI), a community-based organization that provides alternative male gender norms and a community  support system to help reinforce them. The MKPI runs an intensive, experiential ‘‘Training Adventure Weekend’’ (TAW), followed by voluntary, on-going peer-led support and integration groups (I-Groups). One hundred men completed a pre-TAW questionnaire, an interview, and a longterm follow-up ([18 mo.) questionnaire. The study examined if there was change on the primary study variables
at follow-up, and the relationship of background characteristics (age, self-help group experience) and factors related to participation (MKPI beliefs, social support, I-Group participation) to the criterion variables (depression symptoms, gender role conflict, and life satisfaction) at follow-up. Results indicated significant change in the expected directions on the primary study variables, suggesting that for these men, participation has a positive impact. Most importantly, changes in MKPI-related beliefs and social support significantly predicted positive outcomes.
Also, more positive outcomes were found among men 30–44 years of age, but not among those with more prior self-help  experience or I-Group participation. Possible explanations for these findings and directions for further research are discussed.

What Does it Mean to be a Man Today?: Bloke Culture and the Media – Darrin Hodgetts & Mohi Rua

Abstract Psychologists have paid scant attention to the positive relationships and community contributions of working class men who are not in trouble, and have focused instead on men who are ‘in trouble.’ In addressing this oversight, we draw on insights from ethnographic observations, life narrative interviews, photographic techniques and media items, which have been compiled by 12 working class men from a shared community of practice in New Zealand. We illustrate how these men often appropriate aspects from contemporary media deliberations regarding what it means to be a man today in order to make sense of their own lives. The implications of participants’ emphasis on friendship, support, familial obligations, and community participation are discussed in  relation to the place of working class men in society.

Negotiating Dominant Masculinity Ideology: Strategies Used by Gay, Bisexual and Questioning Male Adolescents – Bianca D. M. Wilson,  Gary W. Harper, Marco A. Hidalgo, Omar B. Jamil, Rodrigo Sebastian Torres &  M. Isabel Fernandez

Abstract In the context of a U.S. dominant masculinity ideology, which devalues men who are not heterosexually identified, many gay, bisexual and questioning (GBQ) adolescent males must develop their own affirming and health-promoting sense of masculinity. In order to promote the well-being of GBQ young men, exploration of their reactions and responses to dominant images of masculinity is needed. We qualitatively analyzed interviews with 39 GBQ African American, Latino, and European American male adolescents (15–23 years old). Participants reported a range of responses to traditional masculinity ideologies, most of which centered on balancing presentations of masculine and feminine characteristics. Negotiation strategies served a variety of functions, including avoiding antigay violence, living up to expected images of masculinity, and creating unique images of personhood free of gender role expectations. These data suggest a complex picture of GBQ male adolescents’ management of masculinity expectations and serve as a basis for culturally and developmentally specific HIV prevention programs.

Men’s Gendered Constructions of Intimate Partner Violence as Predictors of Court-Mandated Batterer Treatment Drop Out – Beth S. Catlett, Michelle L. Toews & Vanessa Walilko

Abstract The purpose of this study was to explore the meaning men make of their violence toward intimate partners and to examine if and how these meanings and constructions of violence predicted who drops out of batterer treatment prior to program completion. We used both qualitative and quantitative data collected from 154 men court-mandated to participate in a batterer intervention
program. The qualitative findings indicated that the men in this sample minimized and denied responsibility for the violence they used towards their intimate partners while simultaneously rationalizing and justifying their violent behavior. Such findings provide insight into how denial and minimization and, more broadly, men’s constructions of masculinity might predict their tendency to drop out of batterer treatment. Furthermore, building upon our qualitative findings, logistic regression analysis revealed that men who were lower income, no longer intimately involved with the women they abused, and who reported lower levels of physical violence and higher levels of hostility were more likely to drop out of the batterer treatment program.

Indigenous Fathers’ Involvement in Reconstituting ‘‘Circles of Care’’ – Jessica Ball

Abstract This qualitative study, part of a Canadian national study of fathers’ involvement, opened up First Nations and Metis fathering as a new area of inquiry. Conversational interviews with 80 Indigenous fathers illuminated the sociohistorical conditions that have shaped Indigenous men’s experiences of learning to be a father and becoming a man in the context of changing gender relationships and the regeneration of circles of care. Indigenous fathers’ experiences unfold in a socio-historical context fraught with difficulties.
However, the study findings suggest cultural strengths and sources of resilience unseen in research and community programs driven by Euro-western perspectives. This research can inform efforts to reduce systemic barriers and reconstitute positive father involvement following disrupted intergenerational transmission of fathering in Canada and elsewhere.

Making Daddies into Fathers: Community-based Fatherhood Programs and the Construction of Masculinities for Low-income African American Men – Kevin M. Roy & Omari Dyson

Abstract In this analysis, we explore how low-income African American fathers build understandings of successful manhood in the context of community-based responsible fatherhood programs. Drawing on life history interviews with 75 men in Illinois and Indiana, we explore men’s attempts to fulfill normative expectations of fatherhood while living in communities with limited resources.
We examine the efforts of community-based fatherhood programs to shape alternative African American masculinities through facilitation of personal turning points and ‘‘breaks with the past,’’ use of social support and institutional interventions, and the reframing of provision as a priority of successful fatherhood. We refer to Connell’s hegemonic masculinity framework (Connell in Masculinities, Polity Press, Cambridge, 1995) and discuss how both men and programs borrow from hegemonic and street masculinities to develop alternative approaches to paternal involvement for marginalized men.

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